Young Actors in Transnational Agoras. Multi-Sited Ethnography of Cosmopolitan Micropolitical Orientations

Sofia Laine

This book is about young people’s political participation in transnational meetings. Methodologically the study aims to shed light on multi-sited global ethnography. Young people are viewed here as a social age group sensitive to critical, alternative and even radical political participation. The diversity of the young actors and their actions is captured by using several different methods. What is more, the study spurs us coming from the Global North to develop social science research towards methodological cosmopolitanism and to consider our research practices from a moral cosmopolitan perspective.

Varastossa
Kuvaus

This book is about young people’s political participation in transnational meetings. Methodologically the study aims to shed light on multi-sited global ethnography. Young people are viewed here as a social age group sensitive to critical, alternative and even radical political participation. The diversity of the young actors and their actions is captured by using several different methods. What is more, the study spurs us coming from the Global North to develop social science research towards methodological cosmopolitanism and to consider our research practices from a moral cosmopolitan perspective.
The research sites are the EU Presidency Youth Event (2006 Hyvinkää, Finland), the Global Young Greens Founding Conference (2007 Nairobi, Kenya), the European Social Forum (2008 Malmö, Sweden) and three World Social Forums (2006 Bamako, Mali; 2007 Nairobi Kenya and 2009 Belém, Brazil). The data consists of participant observation, documents and media articles of the meetings, interviews, photos, video, and internet data. This multidisciplinary study combines youth research, development studies, performative social science and political sociology.

In this research the diverse field of youth political participation in transnational agoras is studied by using a cross-table of cosmopolitan resources (or the lack of them) and everydaymakers – expert citizen dichotomy. First, the young participants of the EU Presidency youth event are studied as an example of expert citizens with cosmopolitan resources (these resources include, for example, language skills, higher education and international social network). Second, the study analyses those everyday-makers who use performative politics to demonstrate their political missions here and now. But in order to make the social movement global they need cosmopolitan resources to be able to use the social media tools and work globally. Third, the study reflects upon the difficulties of reaching those actors who lack cosmopolitan resources, either everyday-makers or expert citizens. The go-along method and the use of the interpreters are shown as ways to reach these young people’s political missions. Fourth, the research underlines the importance of ‘contact zones’ (i.e. spaces or situations where the aforementioned orientations and their differences temporarily disappear or weaken) for deeper democracy and for boosted dialogue between different kinds of participants.

”In Laine’s study, in the light of the research summary article, doing cosmopolitan policy implies moral and humanistic activities, for example, making both global and local inequalities visible at the same time. It also implies reaching beyond the methodological nationalism, when the research focus is somewhere else than on the traditional national circles and programmes. The presented cases are excellent empirical examples of cosmopolitan micropolitics which is a fascinating, controversial concept that raises novel ideas.”
Päivi Harinen, University of Eastern Finland (UEF)

”The research summary article emphasizes one of the most remarkable achievements of Sofia Laine: she has been able to analyze different kinds of youth political participation in different contexts. She studies with equal attention institutionalized and non-institutionalized forms of political participation, and providing interesting insights for the understanding of both.”
Geoffrey Pleyers, Belgian Foundation for Scientific Research at the University of Louvain (UCL)

Finnish Youth Research Network and Finnish Youth Research Society, publications 121.

Tekijä Sofia Laine
ISBN 978-952-5994-07
Julkaisuvuosi 2012
Ulkoasu nidottu
Sivumäärä 191
Julkaisukieli English

Contents / Young Actors in Transnational Agoras
Young Actors in Transnational Agoras
Sofia Laine
Contents

1. Introduction: A generation of global community acting in transnational spheres

2. Global flow of the research: Accumulating agoras and articles, shaping the framework

3. Reaching for methodological cosmopolitanism

4. Youth political participation in transnational agoras
 4.1 Young EU policy experts as examples of expert citizens with cosmopolitan resources
 4.2 CIRCA clowns and Free Huggers as examples of everyday-makers with cosmopolitan resources
 4.3 The go-along method: Taking a walk through a slum to reach everyday-makers who lack cosmopolitan resources
 4.4 Amazonian region youth activists as examples of expert citizens who lack cosmopolitan resources
 4.5 Agoras are not democratic miniature societies
 4.6 Agoras are political choreographies

5. Concluding and opening thoughts of the global generation acting on transnational spheres

Articles (included to the book)

1. Laine, Sofia & Gretschel, Anu (2009)
Whose arena the EU youth policy is? Young participants’ involvement and influence in EU youth policy from their own points of view: Case of EU Presidency Youth Event in Hyvinkää, Finland. Young 17(2), 191–215.

2. Laine, Sofia (2009)
Contestatory Performative Acts in Transnational Political Meetings.
Societies Without Borders 4(3), 398–429.

3. Laine, Sofia (2011)
Grounded globalizations of transnational social movement. Ethnographic Analysis on Free Hugs Campaign at the World Social Forum Belém 2009.
Ephemera – theory & politics in organizations 11(3), 243–257.
http://www.ephemeraweb.org/journal/11-3/11-3laine.pdf

4. Laine, Sofia (forthcoming)
Embodied and moral methodological cosmopolitanism opposing rising neo-nationalism. Microanalytical perspective. In Pirkkoliisa Ahponen & Päivi Harinen & Ville-Samuli Haverinen (eds.) Methodological Nationalism – Transnational Reality: Crossing Civic Cultural Borderlines.
University of Eastern Finland.

Keywords: political participation, young people, multi-sited ethnography, youth research, political sociology, development studies, performative social science