REPORT, part 1

CONTENTS

PREFACE
1. AIMS, HISTORY AND METHODS OF THE PROJECT
2. ESTONIAN RURAL YOUNG PEOPLE
3. FINNISH RURAL YOUNG PEOPLE
4. RURAL YOUNG PEOPLE IN BRANDENBURG, GERMANY
5. RURAL YOUNG PEOPLE IN CALABRIA, ITALY
6. YOUNG PEOPLE IN NORRBOTTEN AND VÄSTERBOTTEN IN THE NORTH OF SWEDEN
7. LIVING CONDITIONS IN RURAL AREAS
8. COUNTRY-SPECIFIC CHARACTERISTICS
9. FURTHER QUESTIONS AND PERSPECTIVES
10. SOURCES AND REFERENCES
APPENDIX 1
 
 
PREFACE
1. AIMS, HISTORY AND METHODS OF THE PROJECT
1.1. BACKGROUND 
1.2. FOCUS OF THE PROJECT AND ITS MAIN PROBLEMS 
1.3. PARTNER ORGANISATIONS AND RESEARCH PARTNERS 
1.4. RESEARCH AIMS AND METHODOLOGIES 
1.5. THE PROCESS OF THE RESEARCH 
1.6. THE CONCEPT OF RURAL YOUNG PEOPLE 
1.7. STRATEGIES AND STRUCTURING FOR THE DESCRIPTION OF THE LIVING CONDITIONS OF RURAL YOUNG PEOPLE 
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2. ESTONIAN RURAL YOUNG PEOPLE
2.1. HISTORICAL AND SOCIAL BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY OF ESTONIAN RURAL YOUNG PEOPLE
2.2. POPULATION AND ETHNIC COMPOSITION 
2.3. DATA, RESEARCH PROBLEMS AND ANALYSIS 
2.4. SOCIO-ETHNIC DIFFERENCES 
2.5. HOUSING CONDITIONS FOR STUDENTS IN THEIR PARENTAL HOME 
2.6. FINANCIAL SITUATION IN STUDENTS' PARENTAL HOUSEHOLDS 
2.7. EMPLOYMENT SITUATION
2.8. SOCIAL EXCLUSION
2.9. SUMMARY: NEW DIFFERENTIATION OF ESTONIAN YOUNG PEOPLE
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3. FINNISH RURAL YOUNG PEOPLE
3.1. HISTORICAL AND SOCIAL BACKGROUND OF THE COUNTY OF VAASA 
3.2. RESEARCH GOALS AND DATA SOURCES 
3.3. EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM AND OPPORTUNITIES 
3.4. YOUNG PEOPLE'S FUTURE ORIENTATIONS 
3.5. EMPLOYMENT SITUATION 
3.6. IS MOVING AWAY THE ONLY ALTERNATIVE? 
3.7. INTEREST TOWARDS STUDYING AND WORKING ABROAD 
3.8. ATTITUDES AND VALUES 
3.9. SOME CONCLUSIONS 
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4. RURAL YOUNG PEOPLE IN BRANDENBURG, GERMANY
4.1. BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS OF THE BRANDENBURG AREA 
4.2. RESEARCH DATA AND THE AIMS OF THIS SURVEY
4.3. EDUCATION 
4.4. VALUES 
4.5. EMPLOYMENT AND THE LABOUR MARKET: A COMPARISON BETWEEN FORMER EAST- AND WEST-GERMANY 
4.6. YOUTH CLIENTELE OF THE VOCATIONAL GUIDANCE SERVICE IN BRANDENBURG 
4.7. LABOUR PARTICIPATION, UNEMPLOYMENT AND INNOVATIVE UNEMPLOYMENT PROGRAMMES IN THE COTTBUS LABOUR OFFICE DISTRICT (A TYPICAL DISTRICT IN BRANDENBURG) 
4.8. CONCLUSIONS: MEASURES TO COMBAT YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT 
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5. RURAL YOUNG PEOPLE IN CALABRIA, ITALY
5.1. BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS OF THE CALABRIA AREA 
5.2. SOCIO-ECONOMIC TRAITS
5.3. TERRITORIAL DIVERSIFICATION 
5.4. BEING YOUNG
5.5. YOUNG CALABRIANS BETWEEN PARTICULARISM AND UNIVERSALISM
5.6. FAMILY TIES 
5.7. EDUCATION 
5.8. THE EMPLOYMENT SITUATION 
5.9. CONCLUSIONS 
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6. YOUNG PEOPLE IN NORRBOTTEN AND VÄSTERBOTTEN IN THE NORTH OF SWEDEN
6.1. THE BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY OF NORRBOTTEN AND VÄSTERBOTTEN YOUNG PEOPLE 
6.2. THE DATA OF THE RESEARCH 
6.3. EMPLOYMENT AND LABOUR MARKET 
6.4. SOCIAL, CULTURAL AND GEOGRAPHICAL MOBILITY 
6.5. CONCLUSIONS 
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7. LIVING CONDITIONS IN RURAL AREAS
7.1. LIVING CONDITIONS IN ESTONIAN RURAL AREAS 
7.2. LIVING CONDITIONS AND RURAL LIFE IN FINLAND 
7.3. LIVING SITUATION IN FORMER EAST GERMANY 
7.4. LIVING IN SOUTHERN ITALY 
7.5. LIVING IN NORTHERN SWEDEN 
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8. COUNTRY-SPECIFIC CHARACTERISTICS
8.1. THE ETHNIC DIMENSION OF THE ESTONIAN RURAL YOUNG PEOPLE 
8.2. ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN RURAL WEST-COAST FINLAND 
8.3. THE GERMAN DUAL SYSTEM OF VOCATIONAL EDUCATION AND TRAINING 
8.4. CLIENTELISM IN SOUTHERN ITALY
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9. FURTHER QUESTIONS AND PERSPECTIVES
9.1. URBAN-RURAL DIMENSIONS AND CHANGES IN SOCIETY 
9.2. MARGINALISATION AND SOCIAL EXCLUSION OF YOUNG PEOPLE 
9.3. PROPOSALS FOR COMBATING UNEMPLOYMENT 
9.4. CONCLUSIONS 
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10. SOURCES AND REFERENCES
10.1. SOURCES 
10.2. REFERENCES
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APPENDIX 1


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